What Is The Russell 3000?

Table of Сontents

  1. How The Russell 3000 Index Works
  2. How is The Russell 3000 Weighted?
  3. Top Russell 3000 Companies
  4. History & Comparison To Other Russell Indexes
  5. Using the Russell 3000 as a Benchmark
  6. Russell 3000 vs. The S&P 500 & Other Top Indices
  7. How To Invest in the Russell 3000

The 3,000 biggest U.S.-traded equities are tracked by the Russell 3000 index, which measures stock performance.

How The Russell 3000 Index Works

The U.S. equity market is around 97 percent represented by the Russell 3000. As a result, the index provides a reliable snapshot of how the market is doing overall across a variety of sectors and divisions.

You can keep track of the Russell 3000 by looking for the RUA sign. Companies must adhere to a number of requirements in order to be considered for inclusion, including:


  • a daily trade price that generally exceeds $1
  • at least $30 million in market capitalization
  • In addition to meeting the market capitalization criteria, the firm must have at least 5% of its shares traded on stock markets.

How is The Russell 3000 Weighted?

The Russell index’s stock components are weighted according to the market value of the shares they still have outstanding. A capitalization-weighted index is what it is termed. The fund reconstitutes its holdings once a year, at the conclusion of the second quarter, to maintain the index up to date because the market cap fluctuates every day.

Top Russell 3000 Companies

Some of the largest stocks in the United States are among the top Russell 3000 businesses in the index. The leading businesses are as follows:

  • Apple (AAPL)
  • Microsoft (MSFT)
  • Amazon (AMZN)
  • Alphabet Class A (GOOGL)
  • Tesla (TSLA)
  • Alphabet (GOOG)
  • Meta (FB)
  • Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.B)
  • UnitedHealth (UNH)

Tip: Companies in the index are spread throughout a variety of industries and sectors, providing investors with more options for assessing market trends.

History & Comparison To Other Russell Indexes

To give investors a thorough and objective gauge of what is referred to as the market—all the U.S. stock exchanges combined—the Russell 3000 was formed on January 1, 1984. The Russell 1000 and Russell 2000 subgroup indices were created along with it. The FTSE Russell Company, a division of the London Stock Exchange Group, is responsible for the upkeep of all three indexes.

The Russell 1000 and Russell 2000 are built upon the Russell 3000.


  • The Russell 1000 is an index made up of the top 1,000 U.S.-listed corporations.
  • The Russell 2000 keeps track of the activities of the 2,000 smallest firms included in the Russell 3000. This index is a reliable gauge of the performance of small-cap stocks overall.
  • Using the Russell 3000 as a Benchmark

Because the Russell 3000 index includes small and large-cap businesses from many industries, it is a useful tool to track the overall U.S. stock market.

The subset indices allow investors to concentrate on the large-cap and small-cap markets separately. The Russell 2000 concentrates on the small-cap section, whereas the Russell 1000 assists investors in focusing on the large-cap segment.

The Russell 3000, like any index, is created to provide a broad overview of the state of the market, not to inform investors about the performance of specific stocks.


Advice: Market indices are a common tool used by investors to gauge the state of the market as a whole. Due diligence should always be carried out on certain investing choices.


Russell 3000 vs. The S&P 500 & Other Top Indices

The capitalization-weighted Russell 3000 index is an index. The S&P 500 also uses capitalization-weighting, but it is determined by a committee and has requirements. It consists of 500 of the largest stocks, with a minimum market capitalization of $11.8 billion, at least a quarter of a million shares traded in the preceding six months, and the bulk of its shares traded on public markets. Additionally, it has to have had positive earnings during the prior four quarters.

However, the Russell 1000 is arguably a better comparison to the S&P 500 than the Russell 3000, which also includes small-cap firms. Both indexes provide a decent snapshot of how the markets are performing.

Another well-liked index


How To Invest in the Russell 3000

An investor’s broader index is the Russell 3000. If you’re looking for a more diverse investing option than the S&P 500 offers, this could be a good choice.

An ETF that tracks the Russell 3000 index can be purchased by investors who want to invest in the index. Two common options are the:


  • Vanguard Russell 3000 ETF (VTHR)
  • iShares Russell 3000 ETF (IWV)

Important: These ETFs are offered as illustrations of possible investment vehicles, not as a suggestion. Making investing decisions demands independent research as usual.


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